Blood Investigations ( Lipid profile etc.)
A lipid profile test is a blood test that measures different types of lipids in the blood. The lipid profile test is also known by the names of a lipid panel, lipid test, cholesterol test, etc. It measures the levels of four different types of cholesterol and triglycerides. LDL (low-density lipoproteins): LDL is the cholesterol that is considered “bad cholesterol” because it forms plaques in the arteries and adversely affects heart health. Thus, LDL cholesterol should be maintained in the lower range. VLDL (very low-density lipoproteins): VLDL appears in the blood soon after we have consumed food. A lipid profile is done as a fasting test, and thus, if there is an increased level of VLDL in the blood sample, it can be suggestive of some metabolic disease. HDL (high-density lipoproteins): HDL cholesterol is also known as “good cholesterol” because it helps clear away the bad LDL cholesterol and prevents its build-up. Total cholesterol: It is the sum of all the different types of cholesterol in your body, i.e., LDL + VLDL + HDL. Triglycerides: Our body converts the excess calories into triglycerides and stores it as body fat. High levels of triglycerides are harmful to the heart, liver, and pancreas.